Dementia- fact file
-according to WHO in 2000, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias was 14th in the top 10 global causes of death and in 2016 it has climbed to the 5th most common global cause of death
– dementia affects 1 in 14 people over 65 years of age and 1 in 6 people over 80 years old
– Women are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease than men
– Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol level are associated with increased risk of dementia
– There are over 850,000 people in UK with dementia and this figure is expected to double in the next 30 years
– AgeUK have found 1 in 3 with the condition do not have a care plan
– Everyone diagnosed with dementia should have an individual care plan that is reviewed at least once a year
-data from more than 7,000 GP practices in England showed that out of 450,000 people diagnosed with dementia in November, 2017, under 300,000 had a care review in the preceding year
Some physical and lifestyle changes that can help
- Physical activity- regular moderate exercise can help reduce risks of dementia, improve cardiovascular and mental well-being. 2. 5 hours of exercise a week is recommended by NHS choices. such physical exercises include walking, swimming ,cycling, dancing etc
- Stop smoking: local GP offer smoking clinic for people willing to kick the habit. The local pharmacy/pharmacist can also offer some advice and support with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
- Avoid too much salt, sugar and saturated fat as these can raise cholesterol, narrow arteries and increased weight gain. Adhering to improve healthy diet can help reduce chances of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular incidents like strokes
- Keep brain stimulated through regular mental activity like learning a new language, puzzles and playing cards. These can help delay symptoms of dementia
- Social integration– avoiding isolating yourself as social integration can help reduce risks of dementia. Visit family and friends regularly. Join and attend regular social events, clubs or local religious meetings and church activities.
Sources: NICE newsletter June, 2018; WHO (world health organization), NHS choices, Alzheimer’ society fact sheet.
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